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Consensus Protocol

0Chain consensus protocol offers a) faster finality because of a finite active set and relaxed network constraints, b) infinite scalability through self-forking and separation of duties to miners, sharders, and blobbers, c) prevent DDoS attacks using VRF and multiple generators, and d) higher Sybil resistance by using squared proof-of-stake approach.

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Storage Protocol


0Chain divorces the role of its Miners (block generators) from Sharders and Blobbers. 0Chain's Sharders store the ledger history, and Blobber store the unstructured data (eg. photos and videos). In this manner, the load on our mining network is reduced enabling fast transactions on a lightweight blockchain.

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Split-Key Protocol

0Chain uses a BLS signature scheme to split keys into two secondary keys, storing each of the secondary key on a different device. Signing requires individual signatures from each device.

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Economic Protocol

The equilibrium price of ZCN is directly related to the data stored on our network, or in the general case, the use of services as a function of locked and staked tokens. 0Chain is the first and only cryptocurrency that has an underlying asset value based on mathematics, unlike others including stable coins.

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Governance Protocol

In the voting protocol, locked token rewards are treated as votes. By locking more tokens, clients may dedicate more votes to a proposal that they favor.

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Token Reward Protocol


When clients lock ZCN tokens, they are rewarded with an “interest”. The interest tokens can be used for services such as ZCN transactions or dStorage™.

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